In the illustrated book "Conquest of the Moon" published 1953 by Dr. Wernher von Braun, Dr. Fred L. Whipple and Willy Ley describe how this will be done. They say that the first expedition to the Moon could take place in 1978. Maybe John F. Kennedy read this book already in 1953, four years ahead of Sputnik?
The proposed moonships were huge. The first expedition with three 50 m long and 33 m wide ships with 50 astronouts in two ships and cargo in the third.
Constellation is the name of NASA´s on-going return to the Moon project. See how similar the Moon landers look. The one on the front cover of the Air & Space Smithsonian magazine, May 2006, to land on the Moon around 2020 and the one from 1953!
In Popular Science from May 1958 Dr. I. M. Levitt sets a timetable for the conquest of the Moon, whichs ends with a visit in 2000. Weird is that he proposes to perform two atomic explosions on the Moon! The first one to explore moon dust spectra from the Earth and the second one to to fetch dust from the explosion by a circling rocket to bring it back to Earth.
Another weird project, 51 years later, is proposed by a Swedish artist and it is called Luna Resort. I hope this proposed project will be put into a garbage bin soon. It is strange that "prominent" Swedes have been fooled to support it. Who´s next to propose a similar one, maybe a Coca-Cola logo on the Moon?